Menu
 Introduction
 Catalogue
 Essay
 Handlist
 Museums
 Makers
 Bibliography
 Places
 Conventions
 Articles
 Credits
 Glossary
 Help
 Search
 Index
English
English instrument making was not a settled trade until the second half of the 16th century (although more isolated earlier instruments can be linked to university or ecclesiastical settings). Previously there had been some immigrant mathematicians, such as Nicolaus Kratzer from Germany or Thomas Gemini from Flanders, but the first native English maker is usually taken to be Humfrey Cole, whose work coincides with a more general awakening of mathematical interest. This style of early English work indicates its links to Flemish craftsmen.

For English instruments, see:
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, circa 1350 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Thomas Gemini, English, Mid 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, Dated 1326 (London, BM)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, circa 1370 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, circa 1600 ? (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Blakene, English, Dated 1342 (London, BM)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, circa 1300 (London, BM)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, Later 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, circa 1370 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, Late 14th century ? (London, BM)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, circa 1320 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Attributed to Charles Whitwell, English, Late 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Charles Whitwell, English, Dated 1595 (Firenze, IMSS)
   Astrolabe, Unsigned, English, Later 14th century (Oxford, MHS)
   Astronomical Compendium, Signed 'V C', English, circa 1554 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astronomical Compendium, Unsigned, English, circa 1600 ? (London, BM)
   Azimuth Dial, Unsigned, English, circa 1600 (London, BM)
   Compass, Unsigned, English, 15th century ? (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, English, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Equinoctial Dial, Unsigned, English, Late 15th century ? (London, BM)
   Folding Rule, Unsigned, English, Later 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Folding Rule, Unsigned, English, Later 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Horizontal Dial, Unsigned, English, circa 1500 (Oxford, MHS)
   Horizontal Dial, Attributed to Nicholas Oursian, English, Dated 1542 (Oxford, MHS)
   Nautical Circle, Signed by Charles Whitwell, English, Late 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Nautical Hemisphere, Signed by Charles Whitwell, English, Late 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Navicula Dial, Unsigned, English, 15th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Nocturnal, Unsigned, English, 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Pendant Sundial, Unsigned, English, Medieval (Oxford, MHS)
   Plane Table, Signed by James Kynvyn, English, Dated 1595 (Firenze, IMSS)
   Protractor, Unsigned, English, Late 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Quadrant, Unsigned, English, Dated 1399 (London, BM)
   Quadrant, Unsigned, English, 14th century (London, BM)
   Quadrant, Unsigned, English, Dated to 1400 (London, BM)
   Quadrant, Signed by Robert Dudley, English, Dated 1597 (Firenze, IMSS)
   Quadrant, Attributed to James Kynvyn, English, Date; place Undated (Firenze, IMSS)
   Quadrant, Signed by Thomas Gemini, English, Mid 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Quadrant, Signed by Charles Whitwell, English, Dated 1595 (Firenze, IMSS)
   Quadrant, Unsigned, English, circa 1400 (Oxford, MHS)
   Ramming Rods, Unsigned, English, 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Ring Dial, Attributed to Epiphanius Evesham, English, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Surveying Rod, Unsigned, English, 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Theodolite, Signed by Augustine Ryther, English, Dated 1590 (Firenze, IMSS)
   Theodolite, Unsigned, English, Later 16th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Vertical Disc Dial, Signed by Charles Whitwell, English, Dated 1593 (Oxford, MHS)
   Wind Rose, Signed by Robert Dudley, English, Dated 1596 (Firenze, IMSS)

|| Introduction || Essay || Museums || Bibliography || Conventions || Credits || Privacy || Help ||
|| Catalogue entries || Handlist || Makers || Places || Articles || Glossary || Search || Home ||