Humfrey Cole
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Humfrey Cole (c. 1530-91) was the first native-born maker of the English mathematical instrument trade. He came from the north of England but worked in London and had a shop or stall in St Paul's Churchyard. As well as being responsible for 26 surviving instruments, including astrolabes, sundials, altazimuth theodolites and compendia, he also had an official position in the Mint in the Tower of London, as a die-sinker for coinage.

Recognised by contemporaries as the leading mathematical instrument maker of the day, Cole supplied navigational instruments for the voyages of Martin Frobisher in search of the North-West passage in the 1570s. As well as instruments, Cole also engraved maps and there is a surviving map of the Holy Land by him. In both media Cole's engraving style is clearly related to prior Flemish practice and he in turn was a major influence on the succeeding generation of English makers.