Toledo, close to Madrid, was a city of great antiquity and importance in Spain, with a strong cultural inheritance from a past when it was the focus of a Moorish state tolerant of Jews and Christians. The date on the surveying instrument from Toledo by Petrus ab Aggere marks its political and commercial decline, as it was in 1560 that Philip II chose Madrid as the capital of Spain.

For Toledo instruments, see:
   Theodolite, Signed by Petrus ab Aggere, Toledo, Dated 1560 (Firenze, IMSS)

|| Introduction || Essay || Museums || Bibliography || Conventions || Credits || Privacy || Help ||
|| Catalogue entries || Handlist || Makers || Places || Articles || Glossary || Search || Home ||