Milan, in Lombardy, Italy, saw a flourishing of the geometrical culture represented in Epact under the patronage of the Duke Lodovico Sforza ('il Moro') towards the end of the fifteenth century, especially with the presence of such artists as Bramante and Leonardo. Political disruption in the sixteenth century, with the imposition of French rule from 1500 and Spanish from 1535, did not foster such developments and there is little record of any tradition of instrument manufacture.

For Milan instruments, see:
   Drawing Instruments, Unsigned, Milan, Early 16th century (Oxford, MHS)

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