Madrid rose to importance only towards the end of the period covered by Epact: it had been used as an occasional residence by Charles V and was nominated as his capital by Philip II in 1560. It does not have a strong instrument-making tradition during this period: see Spanish.

For Madrid instruments, see:
   Equinoctial Dial, Signed by Petrus ab Aggere, Madrid, Dated 1562 (Oxford, MHS)

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