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Nuremberg
Nuremberg in Bavaria was a great centre of trade in the 15th and particularly 16th century, between Italy and the east, and also between northern and southern Europe. It also accommodated an outstanding range of workshops in metalwork and other specialist crafts. These circumstances favoured the growth of one of the most important centres of instrument making in the medieval and renaissance period. Other, more personal, factors were the influence of the astronomer Joannes Regiomontanus, who settled there in 1472 and established a workshop and printing house, and the success of the talented and prolific maker Georg Hartmann. Another cartographer and instrument maker, Erhard Etzlaub, was one of the first to produce that characteristic instrument of the Nuremberg trade, the ivory diptych dial: through the 16th and 17th centuries they were made in great numbers within a series of families specialising in this type of sundial.

For Nuremberg instruments, see:
   Astrolabe, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1542 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1527 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1545 (Firenze, IMSS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1537 (London, BM)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Johann Wagner, Nuremberg, Dated 1538 (Oxford, MHS)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1532 (London, BM)
   Astrolabe, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1541 (Leiden, Boerhaave)
   Crucifix Dial, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1541 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, Dated 1618 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1578 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1587 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1599 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, Dated 1586 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1578 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1578 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1589 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, Late 15th century (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to a Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, Dated 1582 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1601 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1567 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1588 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to a Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1590 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1603 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to a Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1584 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1581 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, Dated 1539 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, Late 16th century ? (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Christian Heiden, Nuremberg, Dated 1569 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Later 16th century (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hieronymus Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1559 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to a Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, Early 17th century (Firenze, IMSS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, Dated 1584 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1562 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Johann Gebhart, Nuremberg, Mid 16th century (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Workshop of Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1612 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1599 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1579 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to a Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1590 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1620 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, Dated 1543 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Attributed to a Thomas Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1620 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1582 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Johann Gebhart, Nuremberg, Dated 1561 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1595 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1562 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Hans Troschel, Nuremberg, Dated 1580 (Oxford, MHS)
   Diptych Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1607 (London, BM)
   Diptych Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1480 (Oxford, MHS)
   Gunner's Sight And Level, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Horizontal Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Leiden, Boerhaave)
   Horizontal Dial, Signed 'A...NER', Nuremberg, Dated 1590 (Oxford, MHS)
   Horizontal Dial, Unsigned, Nuremberg, circa 1600 ? (London, BM)
   Horizontal Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, circa 1600 (Oxford, MHS)
   Polyhedral Dial, Attributed to Hans Felt, Nuremberg, circa 1550 (London, BM)
   Polyhedral Dial, Signed by Paul Reinmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1597 (London, BM)
   Polyhedral Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1596 (Oxford, MHS)
   Polyhedral Dial, Signed by Hans Tucher, Nuremberg, Dated 1582 (London, BM)
   Scaphe Dial, Signed by Georg Hartmann, Nuremberg, Dated 1539 (Oxford, MHS)
   Sun And Moon Dial, Signed by Hans Gruber, Nuremberg, circa 1570 (Oxford, MHS)

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