This is the bibliography (pp. 298-311) of Stephen Johnston, ‘Making mathematical practice: gentlemen, practitioners and artisans in Elizabethan England’ (Ph.D. Cambridge, 1994). As it seems highly improbable that anyone would need to cite an item from this bibliography, I have not marked up the text with the page numbers from the original version. See the contents page for access to the online chapters.


This bibliography includes all items referred to in the footnotes, with the exception of manuscripts and official publications.

Nicholas Adams, ‘The life and times of Pietro dell’Abaco, a Renaissance estimator from Siena (active 1457-1486)’, Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 48 (1985), 384-395.

Simon Adams, ‘Faction, clientage, and party: English politics 1550-1603’, History Today, 32 (December 1982), 33-39.

Simon Adams, ‘A Puritan crusade? The composition of the Earl of Leicester’s expedition to the Netherlands, 1585-1586’, in P. Hoftijzer (ed.), The Dutch in Crisis, 1585-1588: People and Politics in Leicester’s Time (Leiden, 1988), 7-34.

Simon Adams, ‘The Dudley clientele and the House of Commons, 1559-1586’, Parliamentary History, 8 (1989), 216-39.

Simon Adams, ‘New light on the “Reformation” of John Hawkins: the Ellesmere naval survey of January 1584’, English Historical Review, 105 (1990), 96-111.

R.C. Anderson, ‘Italian naval architecture about 1445’, Mariner’s Mirror, 11 (1925), 135-63.

R.C. Anderson, ‘Jal’s Mémoire no. 5 and the manuscript Fabbrica di galere’, Mariner’s Mirror, 31 (1945), 160-7.

Maurice Aymard, ‘L’Arsenal de Venise: science, expérience et technique dans la construction navale au XVIe siècle’, in Cultura, Scienze e Tecniche (1987), 407-18.

J. da G.P. Barata, ‘O “Livro Primeiro da Architectura Naval” de João Baptista Lavanha’, Ethnos, 4 (1965), 221-98.

Daniele Barbaro, La Pratica della Perspettiva (1568).

Peter Barber, ‘Pageantry, defense, and government: maps at court to 1550’, in Buisseret (1992), ch. 2.

Peter Barber, ‘Monarchs, ministers and maps, 1550-1625’, in Buisseret (1992), ch. 3.

R.A. Barker, ‘Fragments from the Pepysian Library’, Revista da Universidade de Coimbra, 32 (1986), 161-78.

R.A. Barker, ‘Many may peruse us: ribbands, moulds and models in the dockyards’, Revista da Universidade de Coimbra, 34 (1988).

R.A. Barker, ‘A manuscript on shipbuilding, circa 1600, copied by Newton’, Mariner’s Mirror, 80 (1994), 16-29.

F.P. Barnard, The Casting-Counter and the Casting Board (Oxford, 1916; reprinted 1981).

Sergio Bellabarba, ‘The ancient methods of designing hulls’, Mariner’s Mirror, 79 (1993), 274-92.

J.A. Bennett, ‘The mechanics’ philosophy and the mechanical philosophy’, History of Science, 24 (1986), 1-28.

J.A. Bennett, The Divided Circle. A History of Instruments for Astronomy, Navigation and Surveying (Oxford, 1987).

J.A. Bennett, ‘Geometry and surveying in early seventeenth-century England’, Annals of Science, 48 (1991), 345-54.

Domenico Bertoloni Meli, ‘Guidobaldo dal Monte and the Archimedean revival’, Nuncius, 7 (1992), 3-34.

Mario Biagioli, ‘The social status of Italian mathematicians, 1450-1600’, History of Science, 27 (1989), 41-95.

Mario Biagioli, Galileo, Courtier: the Practice of Science in the Culture of Absolutism (Chicago, 1993).

J.W. Binns, Intellectual Culture in Elizabethan and Jacobean England: the Latin Writings of the Age (Leeds, 1990).

J.W. Binns, ‘Queen Elizabeth I and the universities’, in John Henry and Sarah Hutton (eds), New Perspectives in Renaissance Thought (London, 1990), 244-52.

John Blagrave, The Mathematical Jewel (London, 1585).

John Blagrave, Baculum Familiare (London, 1590).

Peter Blayney, The Bookshops in Paul’s Cross Churchyard, Occasional Publications of the Bibliographical Society (London, 1990).

W. Borough, Discours of the Variation of the Cumpas (London, 1581).

J. Boudriot, ‘Evolution de la conception des vaisseaux royaux’, Résumés des Communications des 3èmes Journées D’Archéologie Navale; 6-8 décembre, 1985 (Musée de la Marine, Paris, 1985).

William Bourne, A Booke called the Treasure for Travellers (London, 1578).

Joyce Brown, Mathematical Instrument-Makers in the Grocers’ Company 1688-1800, with notes on some earlier makers (London, 1979).

J. Bruce (ed.), Correspondence of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leycester, During his Government of the Low Countries, in the years 1585 and 1586, Camden Society, 27 (London, 1844).

David Buisseret (ed.), Monarchs, Ministers and Maps: the Emergence of Cartography as a Tool of Government in Early Modern Europe (Chicago, 1992).

P. Burke, Tradition and Innovation in Renaissance Italy (London, 1974).

Hilary M. Carey, Courting Disaster. Astrology at the English Court and University in the Later Middle Ages (London, 1992).

A.E. Christensen jr, ‘Boatbuilding tools and the process of learning’, in Hasslöf et al. (1972), 235-59.

Marshall Clagett, Archimedes in the Middle Ages, 5 vols (Madison/Philadelphia, 1964-84).

David H. Clark and F. Richard Stephenson, The Historical Supernovae (Oxford, 1977).

Peter Clark, English Provincial Society from the Reformation to the Revolution: Religion, Politics and Society in Kent 1500-1640 (Hassocks, Sussex, 1977).

Kenneth R. Clew, The Exeter Canal (Chichester, 1984).

Nicholas H. Clulee, John Dee’s Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion (London, 1988).

Patrick Collinson, ‘The Monarchical Republic of Queen Elizabeth I’, Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library, 69 (1986-7), 394-424.

Patrick Collinson, ‘Puritans, Men of Business and Elizabethan Parliaments’, Parliamentary History, 7 (1988), 187-211.

H.M. Colvin (ed.), History of the King’s Works, 6 volumes (London, 1963-82).

Martin Cortes, Art of Navigation, tr. Richard Eden (London, 1561).

A. Cortesão, Cartografia e Cartógrafos Portugueses dos Séculos XV e XVI, 2 vols (Lisbon, 1935).

Denis Cosgrove, ‘Mapping new worlds: culture and cartography in sixteenth-century Venice’, Imago Mundi, 44 (1992), 65-89.

Bartolomeo Crescentio, Nautica Mediterranea (Rome, 1607).

Maurice Crosland (ed.), The Emergence of Science in Western Europe (London, 1975).

C. Cruickshank, Elizabeth’s Army, second ed. (Oxford, 1966).

Cultura, Scienze e Tecniche nella Venezia del Cinquecento. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di Studio Giovan Battista Benedetti e il Suo Tempo (Venice, 1987).

Kostas Damianidis, ‘The survival of moulding boatbuilding in an old boatyard in the Aegean’ (unpublished).

Kostas Damianidis, ‘The diachronic “road of dialogue” of Mediterranean shipbuilding: some methods for controlling the form of a vessel’, in Cultural and Commercial Exchanges between the Orient and the Greek World (Athens, 1991), 97-108.

Natalie Zemon Davis, ‘Sixteenth-century arithmetics on the business life’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 21 (1960), 18-48.

Robert C. Davis, Shipbuilders of the Venetian Arsenal: Workers and Workplace in the Preindustrial City (Baltimore, 1991).

Sir Simonds D’Ewes, The Journals of all the Parliaments during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1682; facsimile, Shannon, 1973).

Horst de la Croix, ‘The literature on fortification in Renaissance Italy’, Technology and Culture, 4 (1963), 30-50.

Philip Chilwell de la Garde, ‘On the antiquity and invention of the lock canal of Exeter’, Archaeologia, 28 (1840), 7-26.

Philip Chilwell de la Garde, ‘Memoir of the canal of Exeter, from 1563 to 1724’, Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 4 (1845), 90-102.

J. Kervyn de Lettenhove, Relations Politiques des Pays Bas et de l’Angleterre, 11 volumes (Brussels, 1882-1900).

John Dee, Parallaticae Commentationis Praxeosque Nucleus Quidam (London, 1573).

Leonard Digges, Prognostication of Right Good Effect (London, 1555).

Leonard and Thomas Digges, Pantometria (London, 1571/1591).

Thomas Digges, Alae seu scalae mathematicae (London, 1573).

Thomas Digges, Stratioticos (London, 1579/1591).

Thomas Digges, A Briefe Report of the Militarie Services done in the Low Countries, by the Erle of Leicester (London, 1587).

Thomas Digges, A Briefe and true report of the Proceedings of the Earle of Leycester for the reliefe of the towne of Sluce (London, 1590).

Thomas Digges, ‘A brief discourse ...’, Archaeologia, 11 (1794), 212-254.

E.J. Dijksterhuis, Archimedes (Princeton, 1987).

F.C. Domingues, ‘Observation and knowledge in Portuguese ship construction of the 16th century: the treatises of Fernando Oliveira’ (unpublished translation by R.A. Barker of a paper given at the Fourth International Reunion for the History of Nautical Science and Hydrography, 1983).

Elizabeth Story Donno (ed.), An Elizabethan in 1582. The Diary of Richard Madox, Fellow of All Souls, Hakluyt Society, 2nd series, 147 (London, 1976).

G.B Dosio (ed.), Ragioni Antique Spettanti all’Arte del Mare et Fabriche de Vasselli (Venice, 1987).

Stillman Drake, Galileo Galilei: Operations of the Geometric and Military Compass, 1606 (Washington, D.C., 1978).

Stillman Drake and I.E. Drabkin (eds), Mechanics in Sixteenth-Century Italy (Madison, 1969).

Robert Dudley, Dell’Arcano del Mare (Florence, 1646-7).

Richard Dunn, ‘The status of astrology in Elizabethan England, 1558-1603’ (unpublished Ph.D., Cambridge, 1992).

Richard Dunn, ‘The true place of astrology among the mathematical arts of late Tudor England’, Annals of Science, 51 (1994), 151-63.

Albrecht Dürer, Underweysung der Messung (1525).

Albrecht Dürer, Albertus Durerus ... exacte Quatuor his suarum Institutionum Geometricarum libris, lineas, superficies & solida corpora tractavit (Paris, 1532).

Albrecht Dürer, The Painter’s Manual, trans. W.L. Strauss (New York, 1977).

Sigmund Eisner (ed.), The Kalendarium of Nicholas of Lynn (London, 1980).

G.R. Elton, England Under the Tudors, second edition (London, 1974).

G.R. Elton, ‘Tudor Government: the Points of Contact I. Parliament’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 24 (1974), 183-200.

G.R. Elton, The Parliament of England 1559-1581 (Cambridge, 1986).

G.R. Elton, ‘Piscatorial politics in the early parliaments of Elizabeth I’, in N. MacKendrick and R.B. Outhwaite (eds), Business Life and Public Policy. Essays in Honour of D.C. Coleman (Cambridge, 1986), 1-20.

Epistolae Clarorum Virorum (Venice, 1556).

Mordechai Feingold, The Mathematicians’ Apprenticeship: Science, Universities and Society in England, 1560-1640 (Cambridge, 1984).

E.S. Ferguson, ‘The mind’s eye: nonverbal thought in technology’, Science, 197 (1977), 827-836.

E.S. Ferguson, ‘La fondation des machines modernes: des dessins’, Culture et Technique, 14 (1985), 183-208.

E.S. Ferguson, Engineering and the Mind’s Eye (Cambridge, Mass., 1992).

Manuel Fernandes, Livro de Traças de Carpintaria (1616; facsimile Lisbon, 1990).

J.V. Field, ‘Perspective and the mathematicians: Alberti to Desargues’, in C. Hay (ed.), Mathematics from Manuscript to Print 1300-1600 (Oxford, 1988).

J.V. Field and J.J. Gray, The Geometrical Work of Girard Desargues (Berlin, 1987).

J.M. Fletcher, ‘Change and resistance to change: a consideration of the development of the English and German universities during the sixteenth century’, History of Universities, 1 (1981), 1-36.

G. Fournier, Hydrographie (Paris, 1643).

Peter J. French, John Dee: the World of an Elizabethan Magus (London, 1972).

J. Gadol, Leon Battista Alberti: Universal Man of the Early Renaissance (Chicago, 1969).

Humphrey Gilbert, ‘The erection of an achademy in London for educacion of her Maiestes wardes, and others the youth of nobility and gentlemen’, in F.J. Furnivall (ed.), Queen Elizabethes Achademy, Early English Text Society, extra series 8 (London, 1869), 1-12.

William Gilbert, On the Magnet, tr. Silvanus P. Thompson et al. (1900; republished, New York, 1958).

J.A. Giles (ed.), The Whole Works of Roger Ascham, 3 vols (London, 1864-5).

C.C. Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 16 vols (New York, 1970-80).

Owen Gingerich and Jerzy Dobrzycki, ‘The master of the 1550 radices: Jofrancus Offusius’, Journal of the History of Astronomy, 24 (1993), 235-254.

T. Glasgow jr, ‘The maturing of naval administration, 1556-1564’, Mariner’s Mirror, 56 (1970), 3-26.

B.R. Goldstein, The Astronomy of Levi ben Gerson (New York & Berlin, 1985).

Richard A. Goldthwaite, ‘Schools and teachers of commercial arithmetic in Renaissance Florence’, Journal of European Economic History, 1 (1972-3), 418-33.

David C. Goodman, Power and Penury. Government, Technology and Science in Philip II’s Spain (Cambridge, 1988).

Edward Grant and John E. Murdoch (eds), Mathematics and its Applications to Science and Natural Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Essays in Honour of Marshall Clagett (Cambridge, 1987).

Michael Graves, ‘The Management of the Elizabethan House of Commons: the Council’s Men-of-Business’, Parliamentary History, 2 (1983), 11-38.

Michael Graves, The Tudor Parliaments: Crown, Lords and Commoners, 1485-1603 (London, 1985).

Michael Graves, ‘Managing Elizabethan Parliaments’, in D.M. Dean and N.L. Jones (eds), The Parliaments of Elizabethan England (Oxford, 1990), 37-63.

A.B. Grosart (ed.), The Works of Gabriel Harvey, 3 vols (London, 1884-5).

Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages and Traffiques of the English Nation, 12 vols (Glasgow, 1903-5).

A.R. Hall, Ballistics in the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge, 1952).

A.R. Hall, The Scientific Revolution (London, 1954).

Rupert Hall, ‘The scholar and the craftsman in the Scientific Revolution’, in Marshall Clagett (ed.), Critical Problems in the History of Science (Madison, 1959).

A.R. Hall, ‘What did the Industrial Revolution in Britain owe to science?’ in N. McKendrick (ed.), Historical Perspectives. Studies in English Thought and Society in Honour of J.H Plumb (London, 1974), 129-151.

Marie Boas (Hall), The Scientific Renaissance (New York, 1962).

James Orchard Halliwell (ed.), A Collection of Letters Illustrative of the Progress of Science in England (London, 1841).

James P. Hammersmith, ‘Frivolous trifles and weighty tomes: early proofreading at London, Oxford, and Cambridge’, Studies in Bibliography, 38 (1985), 236-51.

Owen Hannaway, ‘Laboratory design and the aim of science: Andreas Libavius versus Tycho Brahe’, Isis, 77 (1986), 585-610.

J.B. Harley, ‘Silences and secrecy: the hidden agenda of cartography in early modern Europe’, Imago Mundi, 40 (1988), 57-76.

Eileen Harris, British Architectural Books and Writers 1556-1785 (Cambridge, 1990).

G.G. Harris, The Trinity House of Deptford, 1514-1660 (London, 1969).

L.E. Harris, The Two Netherlanders. Humphrey Bradley and Cornelis Drebbel (Leiden, 1961).

T.E. Hartley (ed.), Proceedings in the Parliaments of Elizabeth I, 1558-1581 (Leicester, 1981).

P.D.A. Harvey, Medieval Maps (London, 1991).

P.D.A. Harvey, Maps in Tudor England (London, 1993).

Alec Hasenson, The History of Dover Harbour (London, 1980).

P.W. Hasler (ed.), The House of Commons 1558-1603, 3 vols (London, 1981).

O. Hasslöf, ‘Carvel construction technique: nature and origin’, Folk-Liv, 21/22 (1957/8), 49-60.

O. Hasslöf, ‘Main principles in the technology of shipbuilding’, in Hasslöf et al. (1972), 27-72.

O. Hasslöf et al. (eds), Ships and Shipyards, Sailors and Fishermen, trans. M. Knight and H. Young (Copenhagen, 1972).

Thomas L. Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics, 2 vols (Oxford, 1921).

Thomas L. Heath (ed.), The Thirteen Books of Euclid’s Elements, 3 vols (New York, 1956).

C.D. Hellman, The Comet of 1577: its Place in the History of Astronomy (New York, 1944).

Christopher Hill, Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution (Oxford, 1965).

R. Hitchcock, A Pollitique Plat (London, 1580).

Katharine Hodgkin, ‘Thomas Whythorne and the problems of mastery’, History Workshop, 29 (1990), 20-41.

O.F.G. Hogg, The Royal Arsenal, 2 vols (London, 1963).

Thomas Hood, The Making and Use of the Geometricall Instrument, called a Sector (London, 1598).

Robert Hovenden (ed.), The Visitation of Kent taken in the years 1619-21, Harleian Society, 42 (London, 1898).

Geoffrey Howson, A History of Mathematics Education in England (Cambridge, 1982).

Joel Hurstfield, The Elizabethan Nation (London, 1964).

An Introduction for to Lerne to Recken with the Pen or with the Counters (St. Albans, 1537).

Paul Ive, Practise of Fortification (London, 1589; facsimile 1972).

Cedric Jagger, Royal Clocks (London, 1983).

N. Jardine, The Birth of History and Philosophy of Science (Cambridge, 1984).

Jane L. Jervis, Cometary Theory in Fifteenth-Century Europe (Dordrecht, 1985).

F.R. Johnson, Astronomical Thought in Renaissance England: a Study of the English Scientific Writings from 1500 to 1645 (Baltimore, 1937).

F.R. Johnson, ‘Gresham College: precursor of the Royal Society’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 1 (1940), 413-38.

F.R. Johnson and Sanford V. Larkey, ‘Thomas Digges, the Copernican system, and the idea of the infinity of the universe in 1576’, Huntington Library Bulletin, 5 (1934), 69-117.

F.R. Johnson and S.V. Larkey, ‘Robert Recorde’s mathematical teaching and the anti-Aristotelian movement’, Huntington Library Bulletin, 7 (1935), 59-87.

Stephen Johnston, ‘Mathematical practitioners and instruments in Elizabethan England’, Annals of Science, 48 (1991), 319-44.

Stephen Johnston, ‘The carpenter’s rule: instruments, practitioners and artisans in 16th-century England’, to appear in G. Dragoni, A. McConnell and G.L’E. Turner (eds), Proceedings of the XIth International Scientific Instrument Symposium, Bologna, September 1991 (Bologna, 1994).

Edward Kaplan, ‘Robert Recorde (c.1510-1558): studies in the life and work of a Tudor scientist’ (unpublished Ph.D., New York, 1960).

Hugh Kearney, Scholars and Gentlemen: Universities and Society in Pre-Industrial Britain (Ithaca, 1970).

Alex Keller, ‘Mathematics, mechanics and the origins of the culture of mechanical invention’, Minerva, 23 (1985), 348-61.

Alex Keller, ‘Mathematicians, mechanics and experimental machines in northern Italy in the sixteenth century’, in Crosland (1975).

E.R. Kiely, Surveying Instruments, their History and Classroom Use (New York, 1947).

Mark Kishlansky, Parliamentary Selection. Social and Political Choice in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1986).

Alexandre Koyré, From the Closed World to the Infinite Universe (Baltimore, 1957).

Thomas S. Kuhn, ‘Mathematical versus experimental traditions in the development of physical science’, in idem, The Essential Tension (Chicago, 1977), 31-65.

Peter Lake, ‘The significance of the Elizabethan identification of the Pope as antichrist’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 31 (1980), 161-78.

Björn Landström, The Royal Warship Vasa, trans. Jeremy Franks (Stockholm, 1988).

F.C. Lane, Venetian Ships and Shipbuilders of the Renaissance (Baltimore, 1934).

F.C. Lane, ‘Venetian naval architecture about 1550’, Mariner’s Mirror, 20 (1934), 24-49.

Bruno Latour, ‘Visualization and cognition: thinking with eyes and hands’, Knowledge and Society: Studies in the Sociology of Culture Past and Present, 6 (1986), 1-40.

Bruno Latour, ‘The powers of association’, in Law (1986), 264-280.

Bruno Latour, Science in Action (Milton Keynes, 1987).

John Knox Laughton (ed.), State Papers relating to the Defeat of the Spanish Armada, Navy Records Society, 2 vols (London, 1895).

John Law, ‘On the methods of long-distance control: vessels, navigation and the Portuguese route to India’, in Law (1986), 234-263.

John Law (ed.), Power, Action and Belief. A New Sociology of Knowledge?, Sociological Review Monograph, 32 (London, 1986).

J.T. Leader, Life of Sir Robert Dudley, Duke of Northumberland (Florence, 1895).

E.S. Leedham-Green, Books in Cambridge Inventories: Book-Lists from Vice-Chancellor’s Court Probate Inventories in the Tudor and Stuart Periods, 2 vols (Cambridge, 1986).

David Loades, Two Tudor Uprisings (Cambridge, 1965).

David Loades, The Tudor Court (Ottawa, 1987).

David Loades, The Tudor Navy: an Administrative, Political and Military History (Aldershot, 1992).

Rolf Loeber, ‘Biographical Dictionary of Engineers in Ireland, 1600-1730’, The Irish Sword, 13 (1977-9), 30-44, 106-22, 230-255, 283-314.

W.T. MacCaffrey, Queen Elizabeth and the Making of Policy, 1572-1588 (Princeton, 1981).

James McConica (ed.), The Collegiate University, vol. 3 of T.H. Aston (general ed.) The History of the University of Oxford (Oxford, 1986).

Alec Macdonald, ‘Plans of Dover harbour in the sixteenth century’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 49 (1938), 108-126.

A.P. McGowan, The Jacobean Commissions of Enquiry of 1608 and 1618, Navy Records Society, 116 (London, 1971).

Antonia McLean, Humanism and the Rise of Science in Tudor England (London, 1972).

Ian Maclean, ‘The interpretation of natural signs: Cardano’s De subtilitate versus Scaliger’s Exercitationes’, in Brian Vickers (ed.), Occult and Scientific Mentalities in the Renaissance (Cambridge, 1984), 231-52.

Michael S. Mahoney, The Mathematical Career of Pierre de Fermat (1601-1665) (Princeton, 1973), pp. 1-14.

G. Mancini, ‘L’opera “De corporibus regularibus” di Pietro Franceschi detto Della Francesca, usurpata da Fra Luca Pacioli’ Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei. Memorie della Classe di Scienze Morali, Storiche e Filologiche, series 5, volume 14, fasc. 7B (1916).

A.H. Markham (ed.), The Voyages and Works of John Davis the Navigator, Hakluyt Society, 59 (London, 1880).

Clements R. Markham (ed.), The Hawkins’ Voyages, Hakluyt Society, 57 (London, 1878).

Graham Mayhew, Tudor Rye (Falmer, 1987).

A.L. Merson (ed.), The Third Book of Remembrance of Southampton 1514-1602, 4 volumes (Southampton Records Series, 1952-79).

Ad Meskens, ‘Michiel Coignet’s nautical Instruction’, Mariner’s Mirror, 78 (1992), 257-76.

A.M. Millard, Records of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, VII, Wardens’ Account Book 1592-1614 (London, 1968).

William Minet, ‘Some unpublished plans of Dover harbour’, Archaeologia, 72 (2nd ser., 22) (1922), 185-224.

G.C. Moore Smith, Gabriel Harvey’s Marginalia (1913).

Bruce T. Moran, ‘Princes, machines and the valuation of precision in the sixteenth century’, Sudhoff’s Archiv, 61 (1977), 209-28.

Bruce T. Moran, ‘Wilhelm IV of Hesse-Kassel: informal communication and the aristocratic context of discovery’, in T. Nickles, Scientific Discovery: Case Studies (Dordrecht, 1980).

Bruce T. Moran, ‘German prince-practitioners: aspects in the development of courtly science, technology and procedures in the Renaissance’, Technology and Culture, 22 (1981), 253-74.

Bruce T. Moran, ‘Patronage and institutions: courts, universities and academies in Germany; an overview 1550-1750’, in Moran (1991), 169-84.

Bruce T. Moran (ed.), Patronage and Institutions: Science, Technology and Medicine at the European Court 1500-1750 (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1991).

Richard More, The Carpenters Rule (London, 1602).

E. Delmar Morgan and C.H. Coote (eds), Early Voyages to Russia and Persia, Hakluyt Society, 1st series, 72-3 (London, 1886).

JoAnn Morse, ‘The reception of Diophantus’ Arithmetic in the Renaissance’ (unpublished Ph.D., Princeton, 1981).

John E. Murdoch, ‘Thomas Bradwardine: mathematics and continuity in the fourteenth century’, in Grant and Murdoch (1987).

John E. Murdoch and Edith D. Sylla, ‘The science of motion’, in David C. Lindberg (ed.), Science in the Middle Ages (Chicago, 1978), ch. 7.

J.E. Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, 2 vols (London, 1953-1957).

Robert Norman, The Newe Attractive (London, 1581).

J.D. North, Richard of Wallingford, 3 vols (Oxford, 1976).

J.D. North, ‘Nicolaus Kratzer - the King’s astronomer’, in E. Hilfstein et al. (eds), Science and History. Studies in Honour of Edward Rosen, Studia Copernicana, 16 (1978), 205-34.

C.L. Oastler, John Day, the Elizabethan Printer, Oxford Bibliographical Society, Occasional Publications, 10 (Oxford, 1975).

Jofrancus Offusius, De divina astrorum facultate in larvatam astrologiam (Paris, 1570).

Fernando Oliveira, O Livro da Fábrica das Naus, facsimile, transcription and English translation (Lisbon, 1991).

Henry Owen (ed.), The Description of Penbrokeshire, Cymmrodorion Record Series, number 1, 4 parts (1892-1936).

Luca Pacioli, Divina Proportione (1509).

Diego de Garcia Palacio, Instrucion Nauthica para Navegar (Mexico, 1587).

William Barclay Parsons, Engineers and Engineering in the Renaissance (Cambridge, Mass., 1939/1968).

Jon V. Pepper, ‘Harriot’s earlier work on mathematical navigation: theory and practice’, in John W. Shirley (ed.), Thomas Harriot: Renaissance Scientist (Oxford, 1974), 54-90.

Jon V. Pepper, ‘Harriot’s manuscript on shipbuilding and rigging (ca. 1608-1610)’, in Derek Howse (ed.), Five Hundred Years of Nautical Science, 1400-1900, Proceedings of the Third International Reunion for the History of Nautical Science and Hydrography (Greenwich, 1981), 204-216.

Simon Pepper and Nicholas Adams, Firearms and Fortifications. Military Architecture and Siege Warfare in Sixteenth-Century Siena (Chicago, 1986).

W.G. Perrin, The Autobiography of Phineas Pett, Navy Records Society, 51 (London, 1918).

Jacob Rathgeb, Kurtze und Warhaffte Beschreibung der Badenfahrt (Tubingen, 1602).

Robert Recorde, The Path-Way to Knowledge (London, 1551).

Robert Recorde, The Whetstone of Witte (London, 1557).

A.W. Richeson, English Land Measuring to 1800: Instruments and Practices (Cambridge, 1966).

Mark Ridley, Magneticall Animadversions (London, 1617).

Eric Rieth, ‘Quelques remarques sur la conception des bâtiments de mer du moyen-age au début du XVIIIème siècle’, in Résumés des Communications des 3èmes Journées D’Archéologie Navale; 6-8 décembre, 1985 (Musée de la Marine, Paris, 1985).

Eric Rieth, ‘Les écrits de Fernando Oliveira: un témoinage sur la construction navale de la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle’, Neptunia, 165 (1987), 18-25.

Eric Rieth, ‘Un système de conception des carènes de la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle’, Neptunia, 166 (1987), 16-31.

Eric Rieth, ‘Remarques sur une série d’illustrations de l’Ars Nautica (1570) de Fernando Oliveira’, Neptunia, 169 (1988), 36-43.

Stephen Jordan Rigaud, Correspondence of Scientific Men of the Seventeenth Century, 2 vols (Oxford, 1841).

Julian Roberts and Andrew G. Watson (eds), John Dee’s Library Catalogue (London, 1990).

A.H.W. Robinson, Marine Cartography in Britain (London, 1962).

John J. Roche, ‘The radius astronomicus in England’, Annals of Science, 38 (1981), 1-32.

P.L. Rose, The Italian Renaissance of Mathematics: Studies on Humanists and Mathematicians from Petrarch to Galileo (Geneva, 1975).

P.L. Rose, ‘Erasmians and mathematicians at Cambridge in the early sixteenth century’, Sixteenth Century Journal 8, supplement (1977), 47-59.

P.L. Rose and S. Drake, ‘The pseudo-Aristotelian “Questions of Mechanics” in Renaissance culture’, Studies in the Renaissance, 18 (1971), 65-104.

Eleanor Rosenberg, Leicester, Patron of Letters (New York, 1955).

Paolo Rossi, Philosophy, Technology and the Arts in the Early Modern Era, tr. S. Attanasio (New York, 1970).

Margaret Rule, The Mary Rose (London, 1982).

Lawrence V. Ryan, Roger Ascham (Stanford, 1963).

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