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Spare X-Ray Tubes, by H.G.J. Moseley?, Manchester/Oxford, c.1913

Inventory Number: 18597
Object Type:
Persons: Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley
Date Created: c. 1913
Place Created: Manchester England United Kingdom Europe
Accession Number: 1935-8
Brief Description: This piece of apparatus was constructed and used by Henry Moseley, first at Manchester in 1913 and then at Oxford from November 1913 to the summer of 1914. He studied chemical samples using X-ray spectroscopy and hence determine their atomic number. The results were published in the ‘Philosophical Magazine’ in 1913 and 1914.

This is a spare X-ray tube in two parts. The smaller X-ray tube is a short glass cylinder tapering at one end with a glass tube in the centre into which a metal rod with a circular end is fitted. The other X-ray tube is a long length of glass with a bulb attached about half way along with a small spout protruding from the base of the bulb.

Moseley used X-rays to analyse the properties of elements in a new and brilliant way: he generated characteristic X-rays of sample elements and analysed them in the spectrometer. Moseley placed the specimens he wanted to investigate in an X-ray tube and created a vacuum by evacuating air from the X-ray tube and spectrometer. He made use of the effect that when an element is bombarded with energetic electrons X-rays with characteristic wavelengths are produced. These different wavelengths led to the X-rays being reflected at different angles from the crystal in the centre of the spectrometer. So when X-ray beams of different wavelengths hit a photographic plate they will create distinct lines. The angular position and separation of these lines are unique for each element. These values helped Harry to determine the wavelengths of the lines and hence the number of protons in the element’s nucleus.

See attached narrative 'Henry 'Harry' Moseley and his experiments' for further details.
Provenance: Used by H.G.J. Moseley at the Electrical Laboratory, Oxford
Collection Group:
Material(s): Glass
plastic
Dimensions:
Height Width Depth Diameter Unit
200 820 124 mm

Narratives

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