Trade & Travel
The spread of Islam opened up new trade routes westwards across North Africa into southern Spain, and eastwards from Persia into India. Extensive travel led to the widespread availability of navigational instruments such as the compass, and more accurate maps were compiled. These were also important for military and administrative purposes.
For faithful Muslims it was vital to be able to calculate the five daily prayer times and the direction of prayer towards Mecca. A common instrument was the qibla indicator, an adaptation of the compass designed to indicate the direction of Mecca from other major cities. These often incorporated similar features to the sundial.
|46929: Compass, Unsigned, Turkish?, c. 1800?|
|33518: Inclining Dial, Unsigned, Persian?, Late 18th Century|
|53791: Qibla Indicator, Persian?, 18th century|
|43645: Qibla Indicator & Horizontal Pin-Gnomon Dial, Unsigned, Persian?, 19th Century|
Page last modified: 05 February 2013