13. Lower leaf of a diptych dial with city view of Nuremberg, by Johann Gebhart, Nuremberg, c.1550

Type: instrument
Inv. No. 58226
Source: MHS

Nuremberg was the centre of astronomical craft in the 16th century – at least until the rise of a rival in Louvain and probably throughout the century. Astronomers associated with the city and prominent in this exhibition are Johann Schöner and Georg Hartmann, and it was there that the De revolutionibus of Copernicus was printed in 1543. The astronomer Regiomontanus explained why he decided to settle in Nuremberg in 1471: ‘not only on account of the availability of instruments, particularly the astronomical instruments on which the entire science of the heavens is based, but also on account of the very great ease of all sorts of communication with learned men living everywhere, since this place is regarded as the centre of Europe because of the journeys of the merchants.’

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