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215 to 227 of 227 glossary terms
vane: upright piece, in this context usually forming a sight and often pierced with a pinhole, a slit, or a slot with a vertical wire.
vertical dial: sundial where the hour lines are marked on a vertical surface, see article on the sundial.
vertical disc dial: sundial where the hour lines are marked on a vertical surface in the form of a disc, see article on the sundial.
volvelle: a device which rotates; usually referring to one or more discs which turn within a circular scale.
wedge: the part of an astrolabe which secures the pin; also called the 'horse'.
wegweiser: a circle marked with the points of the compass and a rotating index.
wind names: a nomenclature for dividing an azimuth circle into degrees, where eight 45-degree scales are allocated to eight traditional named winds of the Mediterranean.
wind rose: type of compass rose, where the directions are indicated by the names or initials of the traditional winds of the Mediterranean. May also refer to a whole instrument serving only to indicate the names of the wind directions.
wind vane: flag-like vane mounted on a vertical post free to align itself with, and indicate the direction of, the wind. Also an instrument performing the same function.
zenith: the point on the celestial sphere directly above the observer.
zodiac: a band of 12 constellations of stars straddling the ecliptic; the ecliptic and zodiac are conventionally divided into these constellations, 30 degrees being allocated to each.
zodiacal calendar: pair of circular scales, one of the signs and degrees of the zodiac, the other of the days and months of the year, which yields the date of the sun's position in its annual cycle. Commonly included on the back of an astrolabe.
zodiacal sign: one of the star constellations included in the zodiac.
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