The Museum of History of Science has provided inspiration for many contemporary artists as well as students. Art exhibitions held at the Museum include the annual Oxford Brookes Art and Design Foundation exhibition  in partnership with the Pitt Rivers Museum, and art work created by school students inspired by the Museum can be found in Artefact (http://www.museums.ox.ac.uk/artefact ).
Artists who have exhibited at the Museum include Ray Lee (The Ethometric Museum), Susan Derges (Natural Magic), Nick Turvey (Curved Glass), Matthew Galpin (Anvilled Stars), Rebecca Hind (Moonscape), and Roddy Bell (The Book of Imaginary Science).
In addition to specific exhibitions and interventions by artists, many of the special exhibitions provide a wealth of material for visual research.
Online versions of previous exhibitions can be found at http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/exhibits/ 
Exhibitions which may be of interest:
Al-Mizan : An exhibition about sciences and arts in the Islamic world
Anvilled Stars : An intervention of meteoric mirrors created by artist and sculptor, Matthew Galpin
Moonscope : An exhibition of images of the moon including water colours created by contemporary artist Rebecca Hind
Small Worlds : An exhibition about the history of microscopy and the ‘art of the invisible’ featuring a fascinating array of images from historic microscope slides
Steampunk : The world’s first museum exhibition of steampunk art including photographs and videos
Natural Magic : An exhibition of photographs by the contemporary artist and photographer Susan Derges inspired by the Museum’s collection of early chemical apparatus