History of Science Museum: Collection Database Search


History of the Zoetrope

The zoetrope is a philosophical game presented in 1834 with the name of "Doedaleum' by the English mathematician William George Horner (1786-1837). In 1868 the Scottish physicist James Clerk-Maxwell (1831-1879) makes changes to the zoetrope, introducing into the slots some concave lenses, which eliminate the effect of aberration, thus improving the visual effect. The zoetrope was recorded in different patents from 1867 in various countries, among them the United States, where it was patented by William E. Lincoln with the name "Zoetrope".

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