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Inventory no. 45681 - Former Display Label

French GLOBE-CLOCK and German SCAPHE
Clock: 16th century; scaphe: 1555

Clock: Unsigned and undated.
The movement (which is inside the globe) is of steel and brass; gilt copper globe; gilt brass stand.
Verge escapement with balance-wheel and balance spring (a later addition; the balance-spring is regulated by an index-arm outside and at the bottom of the globe, and this index is connected by gearing to a regulator on top of the balance-cover; fusee now with chain, apparently replacing gut as the mainspring barrel is flanged; ratchet and click mainspring regulator; the movement is wound through the stand, a winding arbor in the pillar of the stand being geared to the fusee.
When the movement is going, the globe revolves and the time is indicated by the fixed pointer in front of the globe. There are three hour-scales on the globe: a 24-hour scale (? for Italian hours) numbered with ordinary European ("Arabic") numerals, a 12-hour scale with Roman numerals and a 12-hour scale with Arabic numerals.
On the globe are engraved the ecliptic, with illustrations and the names of the twelve signs of the Zodiac, the Equator, the Tropics and the Arctic and Antarctic Circles.

Scaphe: Above the globe-clock is fixed a gilt brass scaphe (or cup-dial). Signed, "15*VS*55" [i.e. Vlrich Schniep 1555]
On the inside of the hinged cover is a compass (adjustable to the magnetic deviation) above which is a wind-vane. The cover opens to a horizontal position so that the compass may be used to align the scaphe on the meridian. On the outside of the cover is a lunar volvelle and aspectarium, with a surrounding ring for the determining Italian and Babylonian hours.
The scaphe was, originally, a separate instrument and has been attached to the globe-clock during the present century. The scaphe's support, and the collar engraved "AVG/SBURG] 48[o]" are modern.

[G. 379]
Lewis Evans Collection

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