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History of the Phenakistiscope

The Phenakistiscope was invented almost simultaneously, and independently, by the Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau (1801-1883) and the Austrian physicist Simon Ritter von Stampfer (1792-1864). In 1833 Stampfer patented, with the publisher Mathias Trentsensky, the 'Stroboscopic Disc'. On January 30, 1833 Plateau described the same device in his article 'Sur un nouveau genre d'illusions d 'optique', but he didn't patent it. Later, the publisher Simon-Fran├žois-Alphonse Giroux, who was the first to launch on the French market the new device, gave it the name 'Phenakistiscope'.

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