Connections between Islam and Europe
Europe took much of its mathematical and philosophical learning from Islamic sources in the medieval period. The objects here show traffic going in both directions.  reveals the Islamic influence on Latin astrolabes in medieval Spain. There are Islamic astrolabes owned by 17th-century Englishmen: the scholar John Selden  and Archbishop Laud . Some later Islamic instruments used designs following European patterns [4, 5].
- Inventory No. 37878, "Hispano-Moorish Astrolabe, Spain?, c. 1260" [1924-0/part]
- Inventory No. 37527, "Astrolabe, North African, Late 16th or Early 17th Century" [1952-76]
- Inventory No. 47063, "Astrolabe, Eastern Islamic?, Before 1636" [1952-75]
- Inventory No. 51565, "Nocturnal, by Radî ad-dîn Muhammad b. Sayyid Alî al-Husainî, Persian?, 18th Century?" [1957-84/238], Rad ad-dn Muhammad b. Sayyid Al al-Husain
- Inventory No. 33518, "Inclining Dial, Persian?, Late 18th Century" [1957-84/210]